In this article, you will understand a brief intro about the winemaking process and a summary of each step from harvesting to bottling. Winemaking has been around for thousands of years and it is quite a natural process that requires very little human intervention.

Every winemaker has their own special process which contributes to the uniqueness and diversity of wines, making life much more interesting. You can also get the best wine sommelier course via

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The first step of making wine is known as harvesting or picking of grapes. Grapes are the only fruit that can reliably produce the necessary amount of sugar on an annual basis to yield sufficient alcohol to preserve the wine. Tannins, esters, and acids are other factors of grapes that help provide consistency. 

Usually, outside consultants, vineyard managers, and proprietors all have a vote in the decision of when to harvest. Picking grapes can be done with the use of machines or it can be done by hand. Most wineries prefer the latter claiming that mechanical harvesters can be too rough on the grapes, vines, and land. 

Crushing is the next step in the winemaking process which is now done with mechanical presses. For thousands of years, this step was done by men and women who performed the harvest dance in barrels and stomped on the grapes, turning them into a must. Although machines have removed the romance and ritual of these traditions, there has been a huge gain in regard to sanitation. 

Mechanical crushing has improved the quality and longevity of wine while also reducing the need for preservatives. Keep in mind, not all grapes begin the transformation to wine in the crushing step. Some winemakers allow fermentation to begin with uncrushed grape clusters, allowing the weight of the grapes to burst the skins naturally before being sent to the presses.